"For the Kalinga, nature has always provided a kind of talisman against unbridled change and a link to ancient traditions because it is constant, perpetual, and eternal. Nature was the basis from which many Kalinga cultural traditions sprang and none more so than the ancient art of tattoo. Tattooing was a natural language of the skin that gave voice to the ancestors and their descendants who attempted to emulate them by sacrificing their own bodies to make them more lasting and sacred."
Photo: The heavily tattooed elder Anita who is one of the best weavers in Bugnay. Fern designs ornament her upper shoulders.
- from The Last Kalinga Tattoo Artist of The Philippines